Kenya has suffered from various forms of political and  social unrest  stemming from internal struggles, cross border conflicts, and battle spill-over from neighbouring countries. As a result of these conflicts, communities have become divided along political and ideological lines giving rise to the protracted and cyclical wave of inter-ethnic disputes. The manifestation of violence is indeed most fierce during the country's elections. The post-election violence that erupted in Kenya in December 2007 had been preceded by similar violence before, during and after the 1992 and 1997 general elections, albeit to a lesser degree. This paints a picture of a country that has been severely fractured by ethnic cleavages.


Agenda Four of the Kenya National Dialogue and Reconciliation (KNDR) process was meant to address long term issues, including constitutional, legal and institutional reforms as well as tackling land reforms, youth unemployment, poverty reduction, inequality and regional development imbalances, as a way of consolidating national unity and cohesion and also addressing impunity, transparency and accountability in the country.


Every Kenyan has a responsibility to work towards reconciling and healing the nation and entrenching national unity and cohesion. This can be done individually and collectively within  families and  in  communities.   Through  community  dialogue and  action  it is possible to increase opportunities for all citizens to improve their livelihoods and create a more equitable nation-state. The rationale of Tuvuke- Initiative for Peaceful and Fair Electoral process in Kenya is to develop collaborative pre-emptive actions and activities to forestall any pre-planned or spontaneous violence as a reaction to the electoral process or the elections outcome and equip the Kenyans to enhance peace and cultural tolerance.

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